Warp Energy Problems
On this page the main problems regarding the theory
of the warp drive are briefly discussed.
Don't have enough power!
|One of the fundamental
flaws understood in warp theory today is the enormous energy requirements. A
tremendous amount of energy is needed to warp only a small fraction of space-time,
and not only is a tremendous amount of energy required, but a kind of
"negative energy" is required as well. Let us dwell on the energy needed
first, according to a work by Pfenning and Ford (Class.Quant.Grav.14 (1997)
1743-51), an energy of 1062 j is needed. So what you ask?, what is that,
well it is a lot of energy, is it at an A-bomb level, no, H-bomb, no,
supernova explosion, no but you're getting closer. According to modern
theories gravity is believed to top of at an energy of 1034 j, in other
words some billion trillion trillion times stronger than gravity at its
shortest range known as the planck length (named after a physicists in the
field of thermodynamics).
So according to conditions invented by Pfenning and
Ford, the energy requirement is so large that not even a black hole is
capable of producing it. In fact the energy required is several times that
of what may have existed at the time of the Big Bang. In short from this
perspective we can say the warp drive requires
more energy than there is in the entire universe.
However, through a work of Chris Van Den Broeck (Class.Quant.Grav. 16 (1999)
3973-79), we can ignore this statement to a degree, where the energy
required by Alcubierre metric results to 1030 j, which closely resembles the
planck length, thus making warp drive a possibility at the least.
Galactic Black Hole
Negative Energy Graphic
|From above the warp drive
almost appears to be a physical impossibility, the thread holding it
together is that perhaps harnessing a black holes power will allow such a
field to be generated. Although there exist several other possibilities as
well from example such an energy maybe able to be produced through the
Casmir effect, however, modern physicists argue that such a technology may
not be available for another 300 hundred years. The current crippling of the
warp drive comes from a violation of the law of conservation, instead having
a positive energy, a negative field of energy is required by general
relativity. In quantum mechanics such an energy field is only allowed to
exist throughout the Hesienberg Uncertainty principle, this is because
through observation only a probable amount on energy can be deduced which
can take both negative and positive fields.
So you may now ask, well there must be a ingenious way
to get around this problem, wrong! Currently there exist no solution to this
problem, crushing the validity of warp drive, however it has been suggested that
scalar fields may solve this problem. However, that idea is purely speculative,
these are the problems of the theory of warp drive, from which a majority of
scientific community rejects the theory.
©2001: Edward Halerewicz, Jr.
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