Time Travel Research Center
© 1998 Cetin BAL -
GSM:+90 05366063183 - Turkey/Denizli
Originally posted on the KeelyNet BBS as HOLT1.ASC on 09/26/95 courtesy of
James Hartman. Address comments to webmasters
FIELD RESONANCE PROPULSION CONCEPT (NASA)
N80-19184 13 p HC A02/MP A01 CSCL 21C
G3/20 14761 - August 1979
NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center
The speculative "propulsion" concept described in this paper was presented
at a special session of the 15th Joint AIAA/SAE/ASME Propulsion Conference (June
18-20, 1979), "Propulsion Concepts for Galactic Spacecraft". The concept was
developed as the result of private, unofficial research. NASA is not involved
in UFO research. However, the research which may be stimulated by this paper
could result in the verification of essential elements of this concept and in
feasibility studies concerning the development of a new generation of NASA
spacecraft. - Alan C. Holt
A new propulsion concept has been developed based on a
proposed resonance between coherent, pulsed electromagnetic wave forms and
gravitational wave forms (or space-time metrics). Using this concept, a
spacecraft "propulsion" system potentially capable of galactic and inter-galactic
travel without prohibitive "travel times" has been designed. The "propulsion"
system utilizes recent research associated with magnetic field line merging,
hydromagnetic wave effects, free-electron lasers, laser generation of
megagauss fields, and special structural and containment metals. Research
required to determine potential, field resonance characteristics and to
evaluate various aspects of the spacecraft "propulsion" design is described.
FIELD RESONANCE "PROPULSION" CONCEPT
The field resonance "propulsion" concept has been developed
utilizing recent research into causes of solar flares, magnetic substorms,
black holes, quasars, and UFOs.
The concept is based on two assumptions:
(1) Space-time is a "projection" of a higher dimensional
space in much the same way that a hologram is a projection or a subset of
our space-time reality,
(2) A relationship exists between electromagnetic /
hydromagnetic fields and gravitational fields - that is, Einstein's long
sought for unified field theory can be developed. Mathematical relationships
have been developed and theoretical concepts have been proposed to describe
the causes and effects associated with the assumptions, but experimental
data is required to develop the correct theoretical basis for the
assumptions (Rachman and Dutheil, 1979). Specific research in a number of
areas is needed and will be described later.
There does exist, however, some astrophysical data which
tends to support these assumptions.
For example, astronomers have speculated that a
relationship may exist between black holes and quasars (white holes). The
energy and matter which leaves space-time in a black hole may reappear at a
white hole at some distant space-time point.
For this transfer of energy from one space-time point to
another to occur, some type of hyperspace or higher dimensional space (4th &
5th) is required. Assumption 2 may be the cause of the large amount of energy
released in solar flairs.
In sunspot regions where solar flairs occur, the 2-3
thousand gauss magnetic fields are configured such that the positive and
negative polarities are in close proximity with each other. Where the positive
and negative magnetic field lines are nearly anti-parallel a process called
magnetic field line merging can take place.
In this process the oppositely directed field lines break
and re-connect expelling fields and plasma out from the sides. As a result
magnetic energy is converted into kinetic energy.
The magnetic field line merging process has been proposed
as the most likely explanation for solar flare eruptions. However, some flares
can release energy which equals 10% of the suns' total output in a second.
This large amount of energy is difficult to achieve with the magnetic field
line merging concept.
Thus it may be that the configuration of the magnetic
fields and associated hydromagnetic waves (oscillation of field lines) may
induce a "resonance" with gravitational fields resulting in a release of
gravitational as well as magnetic energy.
It is well known that the geometrical relationships of the
magnetic fields (and thus the field gradients) are more important to the
production of solar flairs than the magnitude of the field strength.
A strongly convoluted boundary between magnetic polarities
results in a high probability for large and frequent flares. Another fact of
interest is that hydromagnetic waves generated by solar flare have been
observed to propagate across the chromospheric surface and trigger flares in
other sun spot regions.
Alfven waves, which appear to be the dominant wave form
involved, change only the geometry of the field lines. This effect also
indicates that the initiation of solar flares definitely depends on
geometrical relationships as do the properties of space-time and gravitational
Magnetic field line merging has also been used to explain
the interaction of the solar wind (and associated fields) with the Earth's
magnetic fields at the magnetopause and the generation of magnetic substorms
which often are triggered by solar flairs.
The magnetic fields line merging process is also an
essential part of the field resonance "propulsion" concept.
UFO studies indicate that the unexplained (residual UFO)
phenomena may be due to extraterrestrial visitors, parapsychological
experiences, or a combination of the two. If some UFO phenomena are caused by
extraterrestrial visitors in very advanced spacecraft, then the frequency of
visits and the larger number of different types of visitors (many different
humanoids have been described) imply an ability to cross large stretches of
galactic and inter-galactic space in relatively short time frames.
If the speed of light is a true limit of velocity in space-time,
then the potential extraterrestrial visitors must utilize a form of
transportation which transcends space and time to keep the trip times short.
UFOs are often observed to disappear instantaneously. In a
subset of these cases, the UFO later reappears at a nearby location implying a
a disappearance from and a reappearance into space-time.
The high speed, right angle turns, abrupt stops or
accelerations of UFOs, and the absence of sonic booms despite calculated
speeds of 22,000 mph or more suggest that UFOs may generate an artificial
gravitational field or otherwise use properties of space-time which we are not
UFO propulsion systems appear to involve electromagnetic or
hydromagnetic processes as evidenced by radiative effects on the environment
such as burns, dehydration, stopping of automobile engines, TV and radio
disruptions, melting or alteration of ground and road surfaces, power
disruptions, and static electricity effects.
This data suggests that the unknown relationship between
electromagnetic and gravitational fields may be used in UFO propulsion systems.
HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PROPULSION CONCEPT
The concept of transcending space-time for interstellar and
intergalactic travel was felt to be a viable possibility based solely on
theoretical studies in physics and astrophysics and UFO studies.
But with the postulation and potential discovery of black
holes, the potential for experimental support for this concept in the near
future has been established. Astronomers have already speculated on the
possibility that the mass and energy absorbed by a black hole may reappear in
white holes or quasars.
For mass and energy to be transported from one space-time
point to another without an observable connection implies some form of higher
dimensional space transcending space-time as we know it.
The existence of a higher dimensional space would open up
new space travel possibilities since the connections between space-time points
through this hyperspace could involve laws much different than those which are
so constraining in space-time.
For example, if each space-time point can be assumed to be
unique and if a relationship does exist between gravitational and
electromagnetic fields, then each space-time point defined by a geometric form
(Einsteins tensor metric) would be expected to have natural resonances with
certain electro/hydro magnetic wave forms (geometric forms) which are (effectively)
higher or lower harmonics of that space-time point (which is a "projection" of
higher dimensional space).
The potential existence of the space-time harmonics mean
that if a craft at a specified space-time point artificially generate a
configuration of electro- /hydromagnetic fields which has a resonance with a
distant space-time point, a basic imbalance would be created.
This imbalance would be out of harmony with the "projection
laws" which create the space-time properties from higher dimensional
Forces would be set in motion to re-establish a balance
which in this case require that the craft and its fields be located at the
space-time point where such field configurations are a natural harmonic of
that space-time metric.
The best analogy in every day life is that of tuning a
radio. The tuning knob in this case is the spacecraft's mechanism for changing
the configuration of the magnetic wave form. The radio stations are various
space-time points. For a radio, the signal (which is always there) is
manifested through the speakers associated with the radio, for the field
resonance system the speakers exist only at the radio station.
Once the spacecraft's magnetic wave form is tuned into a
distant space-time point, that wave form is forced to manifest only at that
space-time point according to the "projection laws".
A means of generating the electro-/hydromagnetic
configurations which would be required remained a problem until the study of
magnetic field line merging and hydromagnetic wave effects was undertaken.
With the completion of recent thesis research, a possible
means for generating the magnetic wave was determined (Holt, 1979). This
research along with the results of fusion research resulted in the proposed
implementation of a spacecraft which generates megagauss magnetic fields which
are oppositely directed.
These oppositely directed field lines will merge and re-connect
expelled field lines and plasma out to the sides. In this initial concept,
expelled field lines again meet oppositely directed field lines and merge
again, possibly forcing large amounts of electromagnetic and hydromagnetic
radiation outside the craft.
This concept is currently undergoing revision.
FIELD RESONANCE CONCEPT
In the proposed implementation high powered lasers are used
to generate the megagauss fields by the effects of non-colinear temperature
and density gradients (Kruer and Eastabrook, 1977; Max et al., 1978; Nishihara
and Ohsawa, 1976).
By alternately pulsing adjacent laser sets, the location of
the merging process can be made to oscillate back and forth at a desired rate.
The amount of laser energy can be varied to alter the strength of the magnetic
Thus by changing the laser's power and/or wavelength and
the pulse frequency, the resultant magnetic wave form can be changed or tuned
to the desired harmonic of a distant space-time point.
If flight to a nearby location is desired, the magnetic
wave form can be continuously re-tuned allowing very quick and short space-time
transformations. For an observer it would appear to be a smooth flight in much
the same way that we do not see the individual frames of a film.
For large jumps or travel to very distant space-time points,
some means of preventing the tuning to intermediate space-time points is
In recent thesis work it was shown that hydromagnetic waves
can inhibit or enhance magnetic field line merging depending on a number of
factors including the magnitude and frequency of the hydromagnetic waves (Holt,
Thus by generating the appropriate hydromagnetic waves, the
generation of a coherent magnetic wave form can be prevented until the laser
characteristics have been adjusted so as to generate the magnetic wave form
which is a harmonic of the distant space-time point.
Then the hydromagnetic waves can be stopped and the
magnetic wave form can develop. The medium in which the magnetic field line
merging occurs (vacuum, ionized gas, etc), energy storage requirements, the
pumping mechanism for the lasers, and crew control interfaces are currently
To avoid large energy storage requirements, magnetic
pumping of the lasers may be utilized to allow a reuse of a portion of the
laser energy which is otherwise radiated.
It may also be possible to obtain substantial energy during
the initial part of the process of tuning to a new space-time point through
the resonance with gravitational fields.
By allowing the craft to continuously shift or oscillate to
new, nearby space-time points, a continual supply of energy could be obtained
while in a hovering mode.
The oscillation could be accomplished by the modulation of
magnetic field line merging by adjusting hydromagnetic wave parameters. This
technique would provide energy for the lasers without disrupting major laser
The outer shape of the proposed spacecraft is a "winged
disc". The wings would be used for testing purposes only and could later be
eliminated following sufficient testing (Grief and Tolhurst, 1963).
The magnetic field line merging process and the effects of
varying associated parameters requires extensive study. Specific laboratory
tests should be conducted, some of which could be conducted in association
with fusion research. These tests should be supplemented by computer modeling
studies and the collection of experimental data on magnetic field
configurations and hyromagnetic wave fluctuations before and after solar
flares and geomagnetic substorms.
The generation of megagauss magnetic fields by high powered
lasers and the effects of varying laser parameters should be studied in
Much of this research could be accomplished in association
with fusion research.
Containment and protective materials and structures for the
spacecraft could also be a by-product of fusion research. The pumping of
lasers by the use of magnetic fields should also be studied in laboratory
Extensive measurements of the radiation emitted by UFOs
would be extremely useful in gaining insight into the physics and technology
UFOs may represent.
These measurements should include photographic spectra (using
special filters for cameras), magnetic measurements (using high sensitivity
detectors), recording of radio frequencies, and the use of geiger counters to
detect high energy particles.
A large distribution of special detectors, as described
above, should be made to UFO investigators, police departments, and other
interested individuals. In addition, portable modules containing sophisticated
detectors should be located at strategic positions in various countries to
allow rapid transport to high activity areas.
Effects on minerals, plants, animals, and humans should be
studied to gain insight into radiation emitted by UFOs. Effects on humans such
as burns, symptoms of radiation sickness, and other body changes should be
thoroughly investigated by physicians.
Regressive hypnosis should be used extensively to obtain
technologically valuable information from UFO close encounter participants.
Three dimensional models of exterior and interior of UFOs should be made for
cases which are significant from a technological point of view.
As soon as some of the basic interactions are better
understood or after a thorough review of the state of the art of hydromagnetic
interactions is completed, small scale test models of the propulsion system
and spacecraft should be constructed and extensive testing performed.
The testing should proceed hand-in-hand with the results of
other research. Several test models may be needed in case one or two are "lost".
Since the field resonance concept utilizes two unproven
assumptions and currently unverified magnetohydrodynamic processes, the
concept is likely to require extensive modification and perhaps a complete
revamping following initial research activity and subsequent feasibility
I am confident, however, that the research accomplished
under the motivation of this or a similar propulsion concept will result in
theoretical and technological advances and ultimate break through in
propulsion and energy systems.
Note: I discovered this document in 1992 and felt after discussing it with
others on the Internet in 1995, that it may be of great use for both engineers
and other researchers who are part of the Keelynet. This includes serious UFO
researchers who investigate technical properties. I further believe this type
of propulsion may be what has been seen over New York, Belgium in the past 10
years. Other documents by Alan C. Holt have illustrated a "Winged Disc" that
have a circular center with the same glowing bright center seen on Wedge-Shaped
UFOs over many nations. The A.C. Holt Document A80-38979 "Prospects for a
breakthrough in field-dependent propulsion" is the best illustration document
I have seen on this type of propulsion. - James Hartman -
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